Copyright Act of 1976

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Sculpture, if an original work of art, is fully protected from unauthorized reproduction or the creation of derivative works under the Copyright Act of 1976. (Federal copyright protected sculptures created under the prior (1909) Copyright Act if they were published with a copyright notice.)

When a sculptor sells or otherwise parts with ownership of a sculpture, the sculptor retains all copyright rights in the work unless the bill of sale specifies that the artist has transferred copyright rights (e.g., to create reproductions) to the purchaser.